The Ethical Ideal of Islam and Indian Muslims (Iqbal 1908)

The following is a part of the work of Dr Muhammad Iqbal that was presented by him in Lahore (1908) upon arrival back to the sub-continent. This was following the completion of his higher education in the West (1905-1908). Dr Muhammad Iqbal, a member of the Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, importantly, did not present his usual poetry at the annual event of the Anjuman between the years 1908-1911. Instead, Dr Muhammad Iqbal presented three articles during this period. The work presented here is from the first of these three articles and contrasts the state of the Muslims of the sub-continent with the ethical ideal that has been given by Islam to the world.

Advertisements

Intellectual Knowledge as Expounded by Allama Iqbal

The Islamic philosophical tradition prides itself over a rich history of illustrious names that have contributed to the development of Islamic thought throughout the ages. Thinkers such as Ibn Sina, Imam Ghazali, Ibn Rushd, Ibn al Arabi and Allama Iqbal, henceforth referred to as Iqbal, are some of the renowned Muslims personalities who have advanced Islamic thought. The present article entitled ‘Intellectual Knowledge as Expounded by Allama Iqbal’ discusses the modes of knowledge that are traditionally considered to be non-religious, non-mystical and non-intuitional. The article discusses the empirical and rational modes of intellectual knowledge that will be analysed in light of the revolutionary thought of Iqbal.

Translating Allama Iqbal: A Preview of ‘National Life’ (1904)

Background Those who stand well informed regarding Allama Muhammad Iqbal and his thought and are well aware of the various stages of his life in terms of the development of his philosophical thought. In the life of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, there are three distinct periods, or stages, of thought. Although many academics and scholars of …

Iqbal Revived.

I apologise to those who cannot understand Urdu. This video is in Urdu and unfortunately you won`t be able to benefit from the knowledge and wisdom. Let me explain you what this is about. Sir Muhammd Iqbal, or more common known in Pakistan as Allama Iqbal was a poet and a philosopher in British India. …

Allama Iqbal: Causes of Muslim Disunity (Part One)

The renowned philosopher, academic and orientalist T. Arnold famously said regarding his pupil Allama Muhammad Iqbal that “Iqbal is a man of his age, a man ahead of his age and a man at war with his age”.  For centuries, the Muslim civilisation has produced unique thinkers and philosophers from the likes of Ghazali and …

The Necessity of Change and Intellectual Enlightenment

From east to west, the primary and most important source of jurisprudential ruling and guidance for Muslims is the Holy Qur’an. Without an atom of doubt, the basis of change whether on a national or global scale commences with individual change. This change is based on awareness and intellectual enlightenment. The fore-mentioned predicate is based upon Qur’anic injunctions in addition to being a principle witnessed throughout history prior to the changing fate, destiny and direction of nations. It is asserted in the Qur’an that “Verily, Allah does not change the state of a people until they bring about a change in themselves”

Iqbal the Alchemist

Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal, is not just a poet, in fact even the term "Revolutionary Poet" doesn`t do justice to Iqbal. Iqbal is a sage whose thoughts and ideas extend over time just like Rumi (Iqbal has frequently claimed Rumi to be his spiritual guide) . A single article or for that matter even a single book will not be enough to synthesise Iqbals entire life, his thought, his message ,his inspiration and his ideals. Therefore I`ll restrict this article only to a few key areas of Iqbals thought.

Shikwa and Jawab-e-Shikwa

Shikwa and Jawab-e-Shikwa; a series of complaints to God regarding our situation as an Ummah and the reply of God. Shikwa takes on a complacent attitude, expressing how God should be grateful to us for our servitude to Him, whereas Jawab-e-Shikwa takes on an extremely heavenly quality, reminding man that his pride in himself is …

Who Became Lost In The Idol House Of The West?

Prophet Ibrahim [P.U.B.H] was born into the atmosphere where people worshipped rocks ,trees ,planets and stars. The head of the family [Ibrahim’s uncle] was not even an ordinary idolater, but was one who totally rejected Allah and who used to make the idols with his own hands. According to traditions Prophet Ibrahim’s father died before his birth and he was raised by an uncle whom Ibrahim [P.U.B.H] called father. Into that family Ibrahim was born, destined to stand against his own family, against the entire system of his community. In brief, he stood against all kinds of polytheism.